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The Queen of England has launched her own gin company and Ryan Reynolds had the perfect response. Queen Elizabeth II is the longest-reigning British monarch, and today is her official birthday. [40] They are second cousins once removed through King Christian IX of Denmark and third cousins through Queen Victoria. 173–176; Shawcross, p.16, Bousfield and Toffoli, p. 72; Charteris quoted in Pimlott, p. 179 and Shawcross, p. 17, Bradford, p. 80; Brandreth, pp. [87] Six years later, in 1963, Macmillan resigned and advised the Queen to appoint the Earl of Home as prime minister, advice she followed. [223] In 2002, she inherited an estate worth an estimated £70 million from her mother. [109] She was particularly interested after the failure of Bill C-60, which would have affected her role as head of state. [157] On 20 March 2008, at the Church of Ireland St Patrick's Cathedral, Armagh, the Queen attended the first Maundy service held outside England and Wales. [90][91] In 1961 she toured Cyprus, India, Pakistan, Nepal, and Iran. The children remained in Britain. [199] Her main leisure interests include equestrianism and dogs, especially her Pembroke Welsh Corgis. However, support for the monarchy in the United Kingdom has been and remains consistently high, as does her personal popularity. [205] Lord Altrincham's accusation in 1957 that her speeches sounded like those of a "priggish schoolgirl" was an extremely rare criticism. Trudeau said in his memoirs that the Queen favoured his attempt to reform the constitution and that he was impressed by "the grace she displayed in public" and "the wisdom she showed in private". (adsbygoogle=window.adsbygoogle||[]).push({}); You have entered an incorrect email address! Additional styles include Defender of the Faith and Duke of Lancaster. 301, 315–316, 415–417, Bradford, p. 181; Marr, p. 256; Pimlott, p. 419; Shawcross, pp. 66–67, 84, 87–89; Bradford, pp. Although the Queen formally dismissed him, and the international community applied sanctions against Rhodesia, his regime survived for over a decade. 1461 – deposed 3 Oct 1470. Prince Philip, 99, is pictured holding the colourful A4 creation as the 94-year-old monarch looks on in a touching image By Camilla Tominey 20 Nov 2020, 10:10am Advertisement [184][185] On 6 February 2017, she became the first British monarch to commemorate a Sapphire Jubilee,[186] and on 20 November, she was the first British monarch to celebrate a platinum wedding anniversary. Vulcan reportedly died from old age at Windsor Castle, where the Queen … The Queen laughs with Meghan, Duchess of Sussex, during a bridge-opening ceremony in Halton, England, in June 2018. [52] The Duke of Windsor, formerly King Edward VIII, was not invited either. Forbes estimates the British monarchy is … [158], Elizabeth addressed the UN General Assembly for a second time in 2010, again in her capacity as Queen of all Commonwealth realms and Head of the Commonwealth. Over 20 countries gained independence from Britain as part of a planned transition to self-government. Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary, born 21 April 1926)[a] is Queen of the United Kingdom and 15 other Commonwealth realms.[b]. As in 1927, when they had toured Australia and New Zealand, Elizabeth remained in Britain, since her father thought her too young to undertake public tours. [128] In Canada, Elizabeth publicly supported politically divisive constitutional amendments, prompting criticism from opponents of the proposed changes, including Pierre Trudeau. Queen Elizabeth II owns priceless collections of postage stamps, jewelry, and furniture. [115] On 9 July, she awoke in her bedroom at Buckingham Palace to find an intruder, Michael Fagan, in the room with her. [31] She trained as a driver and mechanic and was given the rank of honorary junior commander (female equivalent of captain at the time) five months later. She declined, saying she would not interfere in decisions reserved by the Constitution of Australia for the Governor-General. 22, 210–213; Lacey, pp. The Duke's uncle, Lord Mountbatten, advocated the name House of Mountbatten. Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor was born at 02:40 (GMT) on 21 April 1926, during the reign of her paternal grandfather, King George V. Her father, the Duke of York (later King George VI), was the second son of the King. Heath only resigned when discussions on forming a coalition foundered, after which the Queen asked the Leader of the Opposition, Labour's Harold Wilson, to form a government. England, Wales, Ireland Queen Elizabeth II is one of the most iconic personalities of the century. [143], In August 1997, a year after the divorce, Diana was killed in a car crash in Paris. [21] She "looked tearful" as her parents departed. [150] She again undertook an extensive tour of her realms, which began in Jamaica in February, where she called the farewell banquet "memorable" after a power cut plunged the King's House, the official residence of the governor-general, into darkness. When in conversation with the Queen, the practice is to address her initially as Your Majesty and thereafter as Ma'am. A female English monarch; A female English royal consort, a female spouse of an English monarch . Queen Elizabeth has been pictured riding a 14-year-old Fell Pony called Balmoral Fern in the grounds of Windsor Castle - her first public appearance since the covid-19 lockdown began. During the tour, in a broadcast to the British Commonwealth on her 21st birthday, she made the following pledge: "I declare before you all that my whole life, whether it be long or short, shall be devoted to your service and the service of our great imperial family to which we all belong. [121] Thatcher's biographer, John Campbell, claimed "the report was a piece of journalistic mischief-making". 8–9; Pimlott, pp. In May, the palace released photos of the 94-year-old queen's first public appearance since she headed into quarantine, riding Fern, her 14-year-old … 4 days ago. [84], The Suez crisis and the choice of Eden's successor led, in 1957, to the first major personal criticism of the Queen. [50] Because Britain had not yet completely recovered from the devastation of the war, Elizabeth required ration coupons to buy the material for her gown, which was designed by Norman Hartnell. In early 1952, Elizabeth and Philip set out for a tour of Australia and New Zealand by way of Kenya. As a constitutional monarch, she has not expressed her own political opinions in a public forum. [210] Her popularity sank to a low point in the 1990s. 222–226; Marr, p. 237; Pimlott, pp. In 1965, however, the Rhodesian Prime Minister, Ian Smith, in opposition to moves towards majority rule, unilaterally declared independence while expressing "loyalty and devotion" to Elizabeth. However, a point to note is that these are not personal properties of the queen, which means that she and her successors can only inherit these and enjoy the income arising out of these but cannot sell them off. [99] As Britain's ties to its former empire weakened, the British government sought entry to the European Community, a goal it achieved in 1973. The Queen of England personifies dignity and grace; her grandson Harry and his wife do not. [2] She was baptised by the Anglican Archbishop of York, Cosmo Gordon Lang, in the private chapel of Buckingham Palace on 29 May,[3][c] and named Elizabeth after her mother; Alexandra after George V's mother, who had died six months earlier; and Mary after her paternal grandmother. Archives. Even before she became the queen, Queen Elizabeth undertook public duties during the Second World War. As of March 2020, Queen Elizabeth II is the reigning queen of England at 93 years old. The current royal family consists of her offspring with Philip. [8], Elizabeth's only sibling, Princess Margaret, was born in 1930. She is the Head of the Commonwealth of countries. [125] The same year, the elected Fijian government was deposed in a military coup. She also holds several constitutional titles and positions. Beginning with her 1957 visit to the US and her addressed to the United Nations General Assembly, she has played an important and crucial role in world politics. However, here is an unusual trivia of an award given to her. [189], The Queen does not intend to abdicate,[190] though Prince Charles is expected to take on more of her duties as Elizabeth, who celebrated her 94th birthday in 2020, carries out fewer public engagements. 6–7; Pimlott, p. 616; Roberts, p. 98; Shawcross, p. 8, Brandreth, pp. 324–335; Roberts, p. 84, Bradford, pp. [132] In March, her second son, Prince Andrew, and his wife, Sarah, separated; in April, her daughter, Princess Anne, divorced Captain Mark Phillips;[133] during a state visit to Germany in October, angry demonstrators in Dresden threw eggs at her;[134] and, in November, a large fire broke out at Windsor Castle, one of her official residences. [233], From 21 April 1944 until her accession, Elizabeth's arms consisted of a lozenge bearing the royal coat of arms of the United Kingdom differenced with a label of three points argent, the centre point bearing a Tudor rose and the first and third a cross of St George. Elizabeth was born in Mayfair, London, as the first child of the Duke and Duchess of York (later King George VI and Queen Elizabeth). [55], Following their wedding, the couple leased Windlesham Moor, near Windsor Castle, until July 1949,[50] when they took up residence at Clarence House in London. [232], Elizabeth has held many titles and honorary military positions throughout the Commonwealth, is Sovereign of many orders in her own countries, and has received honours and awards from around the world. [208], At her Silver Jubilee in 1977, the crowds and celebrations were genuinely enthusiastic,[209] but in the 1980s, public criticism of the royal family increased, as the personal and working lives of Elizabeth's children came under media scrutiny. The Duke complained, "I am the only man in the country not allowed to give his name to his own children. [48] Just before the wedding, he was created Duke of Edinburgh and granted the style His Royal Highness. It was reported, most notably in The Sunday Times of 20 July 1986, that the Queen was worried that Margaret Thatcher's economic policies fostered social divisions and was alarmed by high unemployment, a series of riots, the violence of a miners' strike, and Thatcher's refusal to apply sanctions against the apartheid regime in South Africa. [68], Despite the death of Queen Mary on 24 March, the coronation on 2 June 1953 went ahead as planned, as Mary had asked before she died. She is the longest-serving female head of state in world history, and the world's oldest living monarch, longest-reigning current monarch, and oldest and longest-serving current head of state. In a magazine, which he owned and edited,[85] Lord Altrincham accused her of being "out of touch". 336–337, 470–471; Roberts, pp. [107] The following year brought two blows: one was the unmasking of Anthony Blunt, former Surveyor of the Queen's Pictures, as a communist spy; the other was the assassination of her relative and in-law Lord Mountbatten by the Provisional Irish Republican Army. 145, 159–163, 167, Brandreth, pp. [217][218] Notable photographers of Elizabeth have included Cecil Beaton, Yousuf Karsh, Annie Leibovitz, Lord Lichfield, Terry O'Neill, John Swannell, and Dorothy Wilding. She returned to Buckingham Palace the following day. 160–163; Hardman, pp. 420 ff. 75–76; Roberts, p. 74, Lacey, p. 56; Nicolson, p. 433; Pimlott, pp. 476–477; Shawcross, p. 192, Bond, p. 115; Pimlott, p. 487; Shawcross, p. 127, Pimlott, pp. [148], In November 1997, the Queen and her husband held a reception at Banqueting House to mark their golden wedding anniversary. [197] A personal note about her faith often features in her annual Christmas Message broadcast to the Commonwealth. When are the Queen’s birthdays in 2020? [174] She had cataract surgery in May 2018. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The proposal was never accepted and the following year France signed the Treaty of Rome, which established the European Economic Community, the precursor to the European Union. In each of her realms she has a distinct title that follows a similar formula: Queen of Jamaica and her other realms and territories in Jamaica, Queen of Australia and her other realms and territories in Australia, etc. [20] Later, she was enrolled as a Sea Ranger. 558–559; Roberts, p. 94; Shawcross, p. 204, Bradford, p. 229; Lacey, pp. Her many historic visits and meetings include a state visit to the Republic of Ireland and visits to or from five popes. Queen Elizabeth I (Good Queen Bess, Gloriana, Bess, The Virgin Queen, The Faerie Queen) 1558 – 1603: 07 Sep 1533 – 24 Mar 1603: 23: Palace of Placentia, Greenwich, London, England. She has an air of authority and reflectiveness astonishing in an infant. 226–238; Pimlott, pp. Parliamentary laws were amended to make her a Counsellors of State in the absence of her father, King George VI. [92] On a visit to Ghana the same year, she dismissed fears for her safety, even though her host, President Kwame Nkrumah, who had replaced her as head of state, was a target for assassins. [149] She made a speech and praised Philip for his role as a consort, referring to him as "my strength and stay". They received 2,500 wedding gifts from around the world. 621–622, Bond, p. 134; Brandreth, p. 359; Lacey, pp. On September 9 2015 the Queen surpassed the reign of her great-great-grandmother Queen Victoria to become our longest-ruling monarch ever. The Queen was on holiday with her extended family at Balmoral. Her sister and mother died in February and March respectively, and the media speculated whether the Jubilee would be a success or a failure. [163], She and her husband undertook an extensive tour of the United Kingdom, while her children and grandchildren embarked on royal tours of other Commonwealth states on her behalf. [144] Afterwards, for five days the Queen and the Duke shielded their grandsons from the intense press interest by keeping them at Balmoral where they could grieve in private,[145] but the royal family's seclusion and the failure to fly a flag at half-mast over Buckingham Palace caused public dismay. The Queen and The Duke of Edinburgh travelled as widely as possible across England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, visiting every region during 2012 whilst other members of the Royal Family visited all of the Commonwealth realms (countries where The Queen is Head of State) between them. [149], In 2002, Elizabeth marked her Golden Jubilee. When she toured Canada and visited President Harry S. Truman in Washington, D.C., in October 1951, her private secretary, Martin Charteris, carried a draft accession declaration in case the King died while she was on tour. [93] Harold Macmillan wrote, "The Queen has been absolutely determined all through ... She is impatient of the attitude towards her to treat her as ... a film star ... She has indeed 'the heart and stomach of a man' ... She loves her duty and means to be a Queen. Find out more about the Royal Family and the line of succession below. If you do not know, We have prepared this article about details of Queen Elizabeth’s short biography-wiki, career, professional life, personal life, today’s net worth, age, height, weight, and more facts. [81], In 1956, the British and French prime ministers, Sir Anthony Eden and Guy Mollet, discussed the possibility of France joining the Commonwealth. On 6 February 1952, they had just returned to their Kenyan home, Sagana Lodge, after a night spent at Treetops Hotel, when word arrived of the death of the King and consequently Elizabeth's immediate accession to the throne. I, like so many of you, have drawn great comfort in difficult times from Christ's words and example. [169] For the London Olympics, she played herself in a short film as part of the opening ceremony, alongside Daniel Craig as James Bond. 14–16, Crawford, p. 26; Pimlott, p. 20; Shawcross, p. 21, Brandreth, p. 124; Lacey, pp. A million people attended each day of the three-day main Jubilee celebration in London,[152] and the enthusiasm shown by the public for the Queen was greater than many journalists had expected. [125][126], By the end of the 1980s, the Queen had become the target of satire. [32][33][34], At the end of the war in Europe, on Victory in Europe Day, Elizabeth and Margaret mingled anonymously with the celebratory crowds in the streets of London. [148] As a result, much of the public hostility evaporated. Although The Sovereign no longer has a political or executive role, he or [155] She was, however, said to admire Blair's efforts to achieve peace in Northern Ireland. 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Without any premeditated intention, a 33-year-old managed to find his way into Queen Elizabeth II’s bedroom while she was sleeping. She was delivered by Caesarean section at her maternal grandfather's London house: 17 Bruton Street, Mayfair. In 2017, she became the first British monarch to reach a Sapphire Jubilee. Philip broke the news to the new queen. [201][202] Scenes of a relaxed, informal home life have occasionally been witnessed; she and her family, from time to time, prepare a meal together and do the washing up afterwards. On 10th September 2015 Queen Elizabeth II became the longest reigning monarch in over 1,200 years of British History when the length of her reign surpassed her great-great-grandmother Queen Victoria who reigned for 63 years and 7 months from 20th June 1837 to 22nd January 1901. [216], Elizabeth has been portrayed in a variety of media by many notable artists, including painters Pietro Annigoni, Peter Blake, Chinwe Chukwuogo-Roy, Terence Cuneo, Lucian Freud, Rolf Harris, Damien Hirst, Juliet Pannett, and Tai-Shan Schierenberg. [97] In addition to performing traditional ceremonies, she also instituted new practices. [114], From April to September 1982, the Queen was anxious but proud of her son, Prince Andrew, who was serving with British forces during the Falklands War. The Queen stated it was her "sincere wish" that Charles would follow her in the role. 2020-12-04T17:21:33.490Z. She undertook training for driver and mechanic and got the rank of junior commander. [62] The British Prime Minister, Winston Churchill, and Elizabeth's grandmother, Queen Mary, favoured the retention of the House of Windsor, and so on 9 April 1952 Elizabeth issued a declaration that Windsor would continue to be the name of the royal house. [12] Others echoed such observations: Winston Churchill described Elizabeth when she was two as "a character. Queen Elizabeth II is the current monarch, having reigned for … The 17-year-old assailant, Marcus Sarjeant, was sentenced to five years in prison and released after three. [22] They corresponded regularly,[22] and she and her parents made the first royal transatlantic telephone call on 18 May. [28] She stated: "We are trying to do all we can to help our gallant sailors, soldiers, and airmen, and we are trying, too, to bear our own share of the danger and sadness of war. I remember lines of unknown people linking arms and walking down Whitehall, all of us just swept along on a tide of happiness and relief. [60] She and the Duke of Edinburgh moved into Buckingham Palace. [30] In February 1945, she was appointed as an honorary second subaltern in the Auxiliary Territorial Service with the service number of 230873. Some of the papers played long and loud tunes on the string of Philip's foreign origin. Millions of people may be addressing her by the wrong title, however. 378–392; Roberts, pp. At 94 years of age, Queen Elizabeth II is not only the richest woman in the world; she is lo the longest-serving monarch in the world. 2–3; Lacey, pp. [126][146] Pressured by the hostile reaction, the Queen agreed to return to London and do a live television broadcast on 5 September, the day before Diana's funeral. Eden recommended she consult Lord Salisbury, the Lord President of the Council. At various times between 1949 and 1951, the Duke of Edinburgh was stationed in the British Crown Colony of Malta as a serving Royal Navy officer. [224] The Sunday Times Rich List 2020 estimated her personal wealth at £350 million, making her the 372nd richest person in the UK. [167] On 18 December, she became the first British sovereign to attend a peacetime Cabinet meeting since George III in 1781. [220], The Royal Collection, which includes thousands of historic works of art and the British Crown Jewels, is not owned by the Queen personally but is held in trust,[227] as are her official residences, such as Buckingham Palace and Windsor Castle,[228] and the Duchy of Lancaster, a property portfolio valued at £472 million in 2015. She gets around $60 million per year from this trust, which generates an annual income in excess of $400 million.

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